BPM (beats per minute) can be detected by the user manually.
Select 'BPM Tap Counter' from 'Devices' menu to show up the counter.
Follow song tempo by tapping 'tap' button continuously for " about 10 seconds" or more.
Display shows how balanced (similar/accurate) your tapping is in a meter.
If you need to, you can click on the BPM value and drag up/down to alter the value, such as setting a value of 110.1 to exactly 110, or double click to enter value with keyboard.
Save the BPM by clicking one of the buttons for save destination.
Keyboard shortcut for tapping can be set in Edit menu > Keyboard.
Automatic BPM detection is done when song is loaded for playback to players A-E or to the comp. This can be disabled in preferences > Tempo.
To process BPM values for several items on a list, right-click and select 'Detect BPM'.
BPM can also be detected for items by clicking the 'BPM' button in the 'Helper' buttons.
Automatic BPM detection has good accuracy for songs with clear rhythm. For songs with a lot of noise, values are less accurate or can be completely wrong.
For songs with high BPM values, auto BPM detection can give half values. For example, 190 BPM song is given as half (95 BPM). BPM values are gapped to a set minimum/maximum, set in preferences > tempo.
On the player,
Song playback tempo can be altered using 'Tempo' and 'Rate.
Rate adjusts sampling rate (tempo and frequency).
Tempo keeps pitch (frequency) mostly unaffected.
Both can be used at the same time.
Click 'Tempo, Rate, Pitch' display to toggle slider mode for that feature.
'Pitch' alters the pitch keeping tempo unaffected.
Right-click to set slider to middle (+/- 0).
Hold down shift-key to use the slider for pitch bend: rate is temporarily decreased/increased to sync to a rhythm of another audio file, until the slider is released (mouse up), the rate/tempo value set before pitch bend is not modified.
Keyboard shortcuts are available for adjusting tempo/rate/pitch and for selecting a previously saved preset for tempo.
Click the right side of that display to change the range of the slider.
Right-click 'Tempo' to show a menu:
Different processor type can be set for slowing down and for speeding up tempo. Select 'Edit Both' to use same processor for both.
May be too slow to play in realtime where several files are playing using EWB4.
Has quality option (under 'Show Modifiers') which reduces quality but reduces computation time. Also has option to set to mono mode, which also reduces computation time. The parameters length 1/2 also reduce computation time.
Mono and stereo options have a 'wide' option that creates a stereo image.
The default parameters might require adjustment depending on the type of audio file being played and the amount of slowing/speeding.
uses Dirac LE library (www.dspdimension.com) with this mode, output is mono (both channels mixed together) unless tempo is set to +/- 0 % and 'Bypass 1.0' is enabled. Tempo can not be set lower than -50% with this mode.
'Disco XT1' tempo processor type with moderate quality, which should be usable for many kinds of material. Default modifier settings are for slight +/- 15 % adjust.
'AU' is Audio Unit processor included with Mac OS X (default on Mac).
'Tremreve1' is a reverb / tremolo effect type processor for some specific uses and for special effect use. Select 'Show Modifiers' to alter the amount of reverbation, reverb mix, adjust block length and more..
'PVVPPV2' is a frequency-domain processor for non-rhythmic material and for special effect use.
'Omitpo' is a simple flanger/delay time-domain stretcher. When adjusting the modifiers of this type, for general use, block should be set to about 30%, step set to over 50%, fade-in and fade-out to 25-50%. If the block length is set to a large value and step is set to a very small value the processing might become very slow and cause interruptions.
'Peaker' allows to remove any other audio while keeping the audio peaks (such as drum hits or loud notes). Thresh (threshold) sets threshold which the audio needs to cross to be a peak. Threshold attack should usually be set to a small value, threshold release should be set to a large value.
During parameter adjustment, the attenua (attenuation) slider should be set fully right so the threshold can be heard clearly, then set atte att (attenuation attack) to a small value and atte rel (attenuation release) values to a medium or large value.
First button: "Peaks", this selects whether to keep the peaks or the other audio in the audio, to inverse the function. The threshold value might need to changed after changing this.
Second button sets the range of the threshold slider, if the threshold slider is not accurate enough the button can be set from "80% loudness" to "25% loudness" or to "2% loudness" modes
Sets amount of attenuation for audio other than peaks, fully on left the audio is unaffected. Fully on right other than the peaks are inaudible.
There are separate attack and release values for the attenuation stage.
Minlen sets minimum length for peaks, if length of a peak is less than the set value, it is not considered a peak (ignored).
Lo Filt H: Lowpass: At middle the audio is not filtered, going to the left the audio is lowpass filtered, removing higher frequencies, going to the right side the audio is highpass filtered, removing lower frequencies. If set to highpass filtering, the threshold parameter should be lowered (and possibly set the range from 80 to 22 or 2).
"Prepos" moves the audio backwards within the peaks, if the audio peaks are otherwise proper but the beginning of the peaks is inaudible, adjust this slightly so the beginning of the peaks becomes audible.
'AU' and 'pvvppvvp2' are most CPU-intensive and might cause playback interruptions if computer is not fast enough to process in realtime (such as several songs playing at the same time with these tempo processors).
When using the tempo processors for 'Compile Layers' feature, if the tempo processor is too slow to process with current modifier settings (and depending on number of simultaneuous layers), the part can be rendered to an audio file first (File menu > cl Render Part to New Part, and then the original part can be disabled by right-clicking. Or alternatively a single layer can be rendered and then disabled.
'Show Modifiers' opens an editor below the player with 9 sliders and 2 buttons to alter the sound/preferences of the current tempo processor. These may be used to alter the sound of the tempo processor (such as lot of slowing down or for specific material) or for special effect parameter use in realtime. Modifiers may also be shown/hidden by shift-clicking 'Tempo'.
'AU' and 'Dirac LE' have no modifier controls available.
Modifiers for tempo processor 'Disco XT1'
If you have altered the modifier controls there is a preset system available in this menu:
From 'Presets' click 'Save' to save the current setup as a preset, any existing preset with the same name is replaced.
'Make this default type' sets the current tempo processor as a default, if you then load another song and adjust the tempo it uses this same processor.
'Store as defaults for this type' sets altered modifier controls as default for that tempo processor type, so selecting the processor type from this menu (such as 'Disco XT1' uses these modifiers instead of the "factory" modifiers'. The factory modifiers may be restored with 'Reset to Factory' option.
Tip: Audio output of tempo/effect processing may be recorded with 'Record' audio output function and then pasted back to the main playlist as a rendered new item.
After recording, click 'Record' to stop recording and select 'Add to Main Playlist' or select 'Add to 'Deck _____ '
Option for recorded audio in the 'Recorded Audio' window.
Adjust rate, tempo, pitch (and possibly tempo modifiers) in the player for one song.
Then select items you wish to apply for on the main playlist.
Then right click 'Tempo' and from the menu select 'Apply to Main Playlist Selection'.
If 'Apply as BPM?' question is asked, it means to whether set all songs to same BPM (such as 120) or to same percent, such as +35 %.
When 'Bypass 1.0' is checked, audio does not go through the tempo processor at idle (no change in tempo or pitch). This reduces CPU usage and does not cause any change in audio quality of the audio file, as all of the tempo processors have some amount of artifacts audible in the processed audio.
Right-click tempo slider to reset tempo to +/- 0%. (or right-click 'O' button).
'M' button matches tempo of deck A/B to the opposite B/A. Clicking this button several times allows to match the tempo with halves/doubles.
Such as BPM of 80 also matches 20, 40, 160, 320...
Right click 'M' button for more choices, such as syncing to decks C,D,E and syncing to loops.
Loop syncing only has effect when both of the decks are looped with looping controls.
Loop syncing is available as loop length 1x, looplength 2x, halve etc.
BPM values on the mixer may be clicked and dragged or up or down to alter the value, or double-clicked to enter a value with keyboard.
Percent displays on decks may be double-clicked to enter a value with keyboard.